Facts: Daylight Saving Time Fall Back or Spring Forward
Just in case you have let time slip away, Daylight Saving Time ends early Sunday morning as we “fall back” an hour. On November 4, 2012, Daylight Saving Time officially ends at 2AM.
The idea of Daylight Saving Time began with Benjamin Franklin. In an essay titled “Turkey versus Eagle, McCauley is my Beagle,” not only did Franklin argue that the turkey, not the eagle, should be the national bird, he also argued that since the sun rose earlier daily until the end of June it would save candles if the day simply started an hour earlier.
Daylight Saving Time was first put into effect during World War I to save fuel by reducing the need for artificial lights. After the war, the time savings wasn’t really recognized again across the United States until World War II, when it was officially called “War Time.” It started on February 9, 1942 and lasted until September 1945. However, in 1966, the Uniform Time Act was adopted and Daylight Saving Time was officially born. Also, the official term is Daylight Saving Time, and not Daylight Savings Time which it is more commonly referred by.
Although this was adopted by Congress, states are not required to observe Daylight Saving Time. Arizona and Hawaii do not follow Daylight Saving Time, and just observe Standard time all year long. U.S. territories such as Puerto Rico, Guam and the Virgin Islands all stay on their schedules.
So, why do we have Daylight Saving Time? The idea is to extend the evening hours for everyone’s benefit. It is thought that this extra hour will save electric consumption, fuel,etc. It is also touted as more convenient for farmers (with mixed results), sporting events, and just for outside activities.
Whether you love or hate it, we all are affected by the time change. We spring forward on the second Sunday of March fall back on the first Sunday of November. We all look forward to that extra hour of sleep in the fall, but grimace as we lose the same hour in the spring. Research shows that it takes the average person’s body several weeks to adjust to the time change during the year.
As you change the clocks before you go to bed Saturday night, be sure to check your smoke alarm’s batteries as well. A person has a greater chance of surviving a fire with working smoke alarms in the house, so be prepared.